What Assessment Is Used For Depression?

What are the three forms of treatment for depression?

There are many types of therapy available.

Three of the more common methods used in depression treatment include cognitive behavioral therapy, interpersonal therapy, and psychodynamic therapy.

Often, a blended approach is used..

What does a PHQ 9 score mean?

Depression Severity: 0-4 none, 5-9 mild, 10-14 moderate, 15-19 moderately severe, 20-27 severe. Validity has been assessed against an independent structured mental health professional (MHP) interview. PHQ-9 score ≥10 had a sensitivity of 88% and a specificity of 88% for major depression.

Is the PHQ 9 a diagnostic tool?

The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ) is a self-administered version of the PRIME-MD diagnostic instrument for common mental disorders. The PHQ-9 is the depression module, which scores each of the 9 DSM-IV criteria as “0” (not at all) to “3” (nearly every day).

When should the PHQ 9 Be Used?

The PHQ 2 and 9 are appropriate to be used with individuals 12 years of age and older. Alternative screening tools have been developed and validated for use among special populations including youth and older adults.

Are stimulants used for depression?

Stimulants. D-amphetamine (Dexedrine) and methylphenidate (Ritalin) are stimulants used to treat depression. They can be used as monotherapy, but they may also be used in a combination therapy with antidepressant medications. They’re most helpful when the desired effect is a quick response.

Is it possible to diagnose yourself with depression?

Assessing how you are feeling. This self-assessment isn’t designed to diagnose depression — only a physician or mental health professional can do that. But if you think you may be depressed, take the assessment and share the results with your doctor.

What are the 5 signs of mental illness?

The five main warning signs of mental illness are as follows:Excessive paranoia, worry, or anxiety.Long-lasting sadness or irritability.Extreme changes in moods.Social withdrawal.Dramatic changes in eating or sleeping pattern.

What are the levels of depression?

Here’s a look at nine types of depression and how they affect people.Major depression. … Persistent depression. … Manic depression, or bipolar disorder. … Depressive psychosis. … Perinatal depression. … Premenstrual dysphoric disorder. … Seasonal depression. … Situational depression.More items…•

How can I test my mental health?

Mental illnessA physical exam. Your doctor will try to rule out physical problems that could cause your symptoms.Lab tests. These may include, for example, a check of your thyroid function or a screening for alcohol and drugs.A psychological evaluation.

How do I get tested for anxiety?

To diagnose an anxiety disorder, a doctor performs a physical exam, asks about your symptoms, and recommends a blood test, which helps the doctor determine if another condition, such as hypothyroidism, may be causing your symptoms. The doctor may also ask about any medications you are taking.

What is the best measure of depression?

The Hamilton Depression Rating Scale is the most widely used interview scale, developed in 1960 to measure severity of depression in an inpatient population. Since then, many versions have been adapted, including structured interview guides, self-report forms, and computerized versions.

What does screening for depression mean?

What is depression screening? A depression screening, also called a depression test, helps find out if you have depression. Depression is a common, though serious, illness. Everyone feels sad at times, but depression is different than normal sadness or grief.

What is the purpose of standardized rating scales for depression?

Psychiatrists sometimes use rating scales as one way to assess the nature and severity of a patients’ symptoms and monitor their clinical progress. Depression rating scales are standardized instruments that measure the severity of depression symptoms during a period of time.

What are the PHQ 9 Questions?

Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9)Little interest or pleasure in doing things. … Feeling down, depressed or hopeless. … Trouble falling asleep, staying asleep, or sleeping too much. … Feeling tired or having little energy. … Poor appetite or overeating. … Feeling bad about yourself – or that you’re a failure or have let yourself or your family down.More items…

What questions can you ask the patient to screen for depression?

The two questions asked were as follows: (1) “During the past month, have you often been bothered by feeling down, depressed or hopeless?” and (2) “During the past month, have you often been bothered by little interest or pleasure in doing things?” The results of this two-question test were compared with those of other …

What is the PHQ 9 used for?

The PHQ-9 is the nine item depression scale of the patient health questionnaire. * It is one of the most validated tools in mental health and can be a powerful tool to assist clinicians with diagnosing depression and monitoring treatment response.

What is the first line treatment for depression?

Consider sertraline and escitalopram as first-line agents for initial treatment of major depression in adults. The least tolerated antidepressants in this study were bupropion, fluoxetine, paroxetine, and duloxetine.

Who is at higher risk of depression?

Age. Major depression is most likely to affect people between the ages of 45 and 65. “People in middle age are at the top of the bell curve for depression, but the people at each end of the curve, the very young and very old, may be at higher risk for severe depression,” says Walch.