Question: What Is An Infantile Spasm?

Are infantile spasms normal?

Infantile spasms are considered an age-specific epilepsy.

They typically begin in an infant between 3 and 8 months of age.

In most children, IS starts by 1 year of age and usually stop by 2 to 4 years of age.

IS is not common..

What happens if infantile spasms are left untreated?

Left untreated, infantile spasms can lead to serious outcomes, including an estimated infant mortality rate of between 5% and 6%. The most significant concern, however, is that infantile spasms are associated with autism and intellectual deficits that permanently affect quality of life.

How many times a day do infantile spasms occur?

There may only be a few spasms in a cluster or there may be many, even more than one hundred. Very occasionally, only one spasm will occur at a time. In between clusters of spasms many hours without spasms can occur. Occasionally more than a day will pass without a cluster of spasms.

What are the causes of infantile spasms?

Infantile spasms (also called West syndrome) can be caused by brain malformations, infections, brain injury, or abnormal blood vessels in the brain. IS also can happen in babies with certain metabolic and genetic disorders. In rare cases, a baby’s infantile spasms are caused by vitamin B6 deficiency.

Can infantile spasm be cured?

Many children with infantile spasms develop other kinds of epilepsy. (Watch examples of infantile spasms.) “Some of these children can be cured, but successful treatment often depends on prompt diagnosis,” said Hussain.

What does seizure look like in baby?

Focal seizures: Focal seizures may involve the infant having spasms or rigidity in one muscle group, becoming pale, sweating, vomiting, screaming, crying, gagging, smacking their lips, or becoming unconscious. For an example of how a focal seizure might look, click here.

Is infantile spasms a disability?

CDKL5, or X-linked infantile spasm syndrome, is a form of epilepsy that qualifies medically for Social Security Disability benefits.

What is the best treatment for infantile spasms?

Treatment of infantile spasms has little class I data, but adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), prednisolone and vigabatrin have the best evidence as first-line medications. Other therapies including the ketogenic diet and other anti-epileptics medications may also prove useful in the treatment of infantile spasms.

How do I know if my baby has infantile spasms?

Symptoms of Infantile Spasms (IS)Raise their arms over their head or stick their arms straight out to the side.Stiffen their legs or “tuck them into the belly,” as if having stomach pain.Suddenly bend at the waist.Drop or bob their heads briefly.Roll their eyes back suddenly with subtle head nodding.More items…

What does infantile spasm look like?

Infantile spasms, sometimes called West syndrome, are a type of seizure that occurs in babies. The spasms look like a sudden stiffening of muscles, and the baby’s arms, legs, or head may bend forward. The seizures occur in a series of short spasms, about one to two seconds in length.

Do babies cry when they have infantile spasms?

They may have many series of spasms per day. This type of seizure is usually only seen in young children. After a spasm, the baby may cry or laugh. The spasms do not cause pain, but the baby may cry because the quick jerking movement surprises them.

Are infantile spasms serious?

Infantile spasms (IS), also called West Syndrome, is a rare type of epilepsy in children. This syndrome is considered an epileptic encephalopathy or severe brain disorder. Without early treatment, IS can cause problems with your child’s: Cognition.

Is it normal for babies to have jerky movements?

Month one. Your baby will not be able to control many of her movements during the first few weeks. As she begins to develop more physical abilities, her motions may still be jerky or jittery.

What do you do if you suspect infantile spasms?

If you suspect your baby may be having infantile spasms, talk to your pediatrician right away. Your child may need to be seen by a pediatric neurologist. If you can, try to video any episodes of your baby having a spasm and show this to your child’s doctors.

What are the signs to look for in neurological symptoms in infants?

Neonatal Neurological Disorder SymptomsFussiness.Decreased level of consciousness.Abnormal movements.Feeding difficulty.Changes in body temperature.Rapid changes in head size and tense soft spot.Changes in muscle tone (either high or low)

Are infantile spasms an emergency?

These seizures should be considered a medical emergency due to the potentially devastating consequences on the developing brain, Dr. Mary Zupanc says.

Do infantile spasms cause mental retardation?

Infantile spasms (IS), i.e., West syndrome, as an epileptic encephalopathy, represents one of the major causes of acquired mental retardation in early childhood (Roger and Dulac, 1994).

Do babies with infantile spasms sleep more?

It is common for babies who have infantile spasms to become irritable and to go off their feeds. Their sleep pattern also changes in that they may sleep more during the day and less during the night.