Is Gaucher Disease More Common In One Ethnicity?

Is Gaucher disease inherited?

Gaucher disease is inherited in families in an autosomal recessive manner.

Normally, a person has two copies of the genes that provide instructions for making the enzyme, glucocerbrosidase.

For most individuals, both genes work properly.

When one of the two genes is not functioning properly, the person is a carrier..

Who does Gaucher disease affect?

Gaucher disease can affect anyone, occurring in up to 1 in 40,000 live births in the general population. Gaucher disease is more common among Jews of Ashkenazi (Eastern European) descent, occurring in approximately 1 in 450 within this population.

What protein is affected by Gaucher disease?

Share on Pinterest Gaucher’s disease involves a mutation on chromosome 1. A person with Gaucher’s disease lacks an enzyme, or protein, known as glucocerebrosidase. Glucocerebrosidase breaks down a type of fat, or lipid, known as glucosylceramide, or glucocerebroside, into sugar and simple fats to be used for energy.

How does Gaucher disease affect the brain?

More rarely, Gaucher disease affects the brain, which can cause abnormal eye movements, muscle rigidity, swallowing difficulties and seizures. One rare subtype of Gaucher disease begins in infancy and typically results in death by 2 years of age.

Can Gaucher disease be prevented?

There is no way to prevent Gaucher disease if you have the gene mutations. It’s wise to have testing if you are at risk. Early treatment may prevent damage to bones and organs from Gaucher disease type 1.

How is Gaucher disease transmitted?

Gaucher disease is a genetic disorder transmitted in an autosomal recessive mode. An affected individual must inherit two recessive Gaucher genes—one from each parent—in order to have Gaucher disease. Individuals with only a single Gaucher gene are carriers.

Is Gaucher disease curable?

While there’s no cure for Gaucher disease, a variety of treatments can help control symptoms, prevent irreversible damage and improve quality of life. Some people have such mild symptoms that they don’t need treatment.

Which ethnic group has the highest incidence of Gaucher disease?

Gaucher disease is the most common genetic disorder of persons of Ashkenazic Jewish ancestry, where the incidence may be as high as 1 in 450 births.

Why large pale cells are seen in Gaucher’s disease?

A deficiency of such an enzyme can lead to accumulation of intermediate metabolites that accumulate as storage products in cells, as seen here with Gaucher disease involving spleen. The large pale cells contain an accumulated storage product from lack of the glucocerebrosidase enzyme.

Who is most likely to get Gaucher disease?

Gaucher disease occurs in 1 in 50,000 to 100,000 people in the general population. Type 1 is the most common form of the disorder; it occurs more frequently in people of Ashkenazi (eastern and central European) Jewish heritage than in those with other backgrounds.

What is the life expectancy of someone with Gaucher disease?

Many people with Gaucher disease have few symptoms and can expect a normal lifespan even without treatment. One study estimated life expectancy at birth for people with type 1 Gaucher disease to be 68 years, compared with 77 years in the general population.

What are symptoms of Gaucher disease?

Symptoms of Gaucher disease can include:Enlarged spleen.Enlarged liver.Eye movement disorders.Yellow spots in the eyes.Not having enough healthy red blood cells (anemia)Extreme tiredness (fatigue)Bruising.Lung problems.More items…