How Common Is Nonverbal Learning Disability?

Is NLD a real diagnosis?

You’ll see it referred to as NVLD or NLD.

It isn’t an official diagnosis like ADHD and autism—in fact many kids who have non-verbal learning challenges have those diagnoses.

But experts say focusing on NLD explains what’s happening with kids—and how to help them learn—better than those diagnoses..

What causes nonverbal learning disability?

Causes. While the cause of NLD has not been identified, it is thought to be a developmental disorder related to the right hemisphere of the brain—the part of the brain that integrates information from several senses at once (e.g. hearing and sight).

What is NLD?

NLD is a neurological disorder which originates in the right hemisphere of the brain. Reception of nonverbal or performance-based information governed by this hemisphere is impaired in varying degrees, causing problems with visual-spatial, intuitive, organizational, evaluative, and holistic processing functions.

How can I help my child with NVLD?

Strategies for Parenting a Child with NLDAnticipate: Know the challenges of NLD and predict problems.Understand: Think about your child’s behavior from his point of view.Plan: Develop strategies for handling predictable situations.Be consistent in your responses and your support.Reinforce: Catch her doing it right.

Why would a child be nonverbal?

When people hear that a child is nonverbal, they often think of autism (ASD). While some individuals with ASD are nonverbal, there are a variety of other conditions that cause a child to be nonverbal, pre-verbal, or have emerging or delayed verbal skills, either short-term or long-term.

Do Aspergers have learning difficulties?

People with Asperger’s syndrome see, hear and feel the world differently to other people. People with Asperger’s syndrome will not usually have a learning disability, however they may experience challenges such as specific learning difficulties, anxiety or other conditions.

Does NLD worsen with age?

The capacity to deal with novel experiences often remains poor and may even worsen with age; thus, individuals with NLD often tend to be quite rigid in their daily routines and their interactions with others.

How is nonverbal learning disability treated?

Treatment Options for Nonverbal Learning Disorder Social-emotional learning (reading body language, tone of voice, protocols), executive function training (to develop deficient processing skills), and physical therapy can help children manage NLD symptoms.

Can a child be nonverbal and not autistic?

These can be on a spectrum from mild to severe. But some people with autism may not speak at all. In fact, as many as 40 percent of children with ASD are nonverbal.

How do you teach a child with a nonverbal learning disability?

14 Ways to Help a Child with NLD SucceedTrain faculty and staff. … Monitor progress and problems. … Keep a set of schoolbooks at home. … Shorten homework assignments. … Prepare and preview. … Pair your child with a classroom buddy. … Maintain ongoing social skills training. … Ensure lunch and recess supervision to prevent bullying, taunting or exclusion.More items…

Is NVLD on the autism spectrum?

Abstract. Objective: Nonverbal learning disability (NVLD) is a putative neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by spatial processing deficits as well as social deficits similar to those characteristic of autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

What is the difference between nonverbal learning disability and autism?

Both disorders are associated with problems with motor skills, but it is explained in NVLD by visual-spatial organization while in autism, it is associated with sensory processing difficulties. While teens with autism tend to be visual learners, teens with NVLD learn better by hearing information.

Can you outgrow NVLD?

Fact: Although trouble with motor coordination and social skills may look like “growing pains,” kids with NVLD don’t outgrow these challenges. NVLD and the issues that come with it will remain throughout adulthood. NVLD might appear to go away, though, as children get older and learn to cope.

Is nonverbal learning disability genetic?

Strongly genetic in origin, NLD affects girls as frequently as boys and is characterized by poor visual, spatial, and organizational skills, poor motor performance, and difficulty recognizing and processing nonverbal cues — body language, facial expression, and the nuances of conversation.

What is the difference between Aspergers and nonverbal learning disorder?

Studies indicate that most children who meet the criteria for Asperger’s also meet the criteria for NVLD. But the opposite of that doesn’t appear to be true. Many children with NVLD don’t meet the criteria for Asperger’s. This is in part because Asperger’s tends to involve more severe social skills issues than NVLD.

What is considered a nonverbal child?

Romski et al (2010) defined nonverbal toddlers as those whose Mullen expressive language scores were below 12 months and had fewer than 10 intelligible spoken words.